SARA FALCÃO CASACA
PhD in Economic and Organisational Sociology (ISEG) and Agregada (post-doctoral degree) in Economic and Organisational Sociology (Technical University of Lisbon). Professor of Sociology at ISEG – The School of Economics and Management, University of Lisbon, where she teaches Sociology of Work (BA in Management/Business Studies), Organisational Models and Human Resource Management and Research Methods in Master and Doctoral programmes. She coordinated the post-graduation programmes on Labour Market, Gender and Migration and on Gender, Work and Citizenship, as well as the executive programme on Leadership for Executive women.
Researcher at the Research Centre in Economic and Organisational Sociology (SOCIUS), where she has coordinated and participated in research projects mainly focused on gender relations in the labour market, equal economic independence for men and women, gender segregation in the labour market, the gender pay gap, gender and decision-making, gender and corporate social responsibility, new forms of work organization, gender and well-being. These have also been main topics of her publications. Currently, she is the coordinator of a nationwide project aiming at promoting gender equality in the business sector (EEA Grants). it aims to design tools specifically geared towards the promotion of gender equality in decision-making/leadership positions and the elimination of the gender pay gap. It follows the main stages of the organizational change process (diagnosis/gender audit, intervention plan, intervention and evaluation).
Invited professor at the Universidade Aberta, where she coordinates the course Sociology of Work and Leisure (MSc in Women’s Studies). She has collaborated with the International Training Centre of the ILO (International Labour Organization) in the design of training content on Gender and Organizational Change, and as facilitator of the training course. She was a chair of the research network “Gender relations in the labour market and the welfare state”, of the European Sociological Association (ESA) and was the Head of the national mechanism for gender equality (CIG), under the presidency of the Council of Ministers. In the context of this position, she was a member of the High Level Group in Gender Mainstreaming of the European Union. She was also a Member of the Management Board of EIGE – The European Institute for Gender Equality. She has been providing expert advisory support on public policies related to gender and non-discrimination issues for national and international public agencies.
PHD in sociology, is Full Professor of Sociology in ISCSP, School of Social and Political Sciences of the Technical University of Lisbon, Head of the Sociology Coordination Unit. Apart from creating and teaching various courses in the field of sociology and research methodology, she created various masters and graduate courses in the field of sociology, family and gender.
In 2012, she created and coordinates CIEG (Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies) in ISCSP, which has researchers and collaborators at national level from various scientific backgrounds. She has been directing for long and within national and international research network research teams on family, gender, marriage, divorce, work and family, poverty, drug addition, youth and child protection system.
She was President of the Portuguese National Sociological Association (2002-2006), and served ESA (European Sociological Association) as member of the Executive Committee (2005-2009), Chair of Conference Committee and Vice-President (2007-2009) and President (2009-2011).
She participates actively in several European research networks. She is in the research team responsible for the European Social Survey application in Portugal since its beginning in 2002. In the last years she integrated research teams on the scope of the Framework Programs 6 and 7 directing several work packages in the projects WORKCARE (2006-2009) and WORKCARE Synergies (2009-2011).
With sixteen books published she is sole author of four, first author of six –two of them in English - and co-author of six. She is the author of more than fifty articles and chapters of books in several languages.
Sociologist holding a PhD from the University of Leeds, and a senior researcher at CESIS – Centro de Estudos para a Intervenção Social.
Equality of women and men in the labour market, and in companies in particular, has deserved a particular focus among her research areas.
She has been involved in a large variety of projects, such as the EQUAL projects Acting towards Equality and Social Dialogue and Equality in Companies, and in several EU networks, such as the EC Network of Experts on the Situation of Women in the Labour Market and the European Observatory on Working Conditions, EWCO / Eurofound).
She has also along record of work as an expert consultant and a trainer on gender equality.
Her working experience and expertise have deserved wide recognition, being often invited to participate as a speaker at seminars and conferences (in Portugal and abroad), as well as to act as a gender expert in peer review exercises, e.g. promoted by the European Commission, or in thematic networks or other specialist structures, e.g. within the scope of the EIGE.
The research activity developed over the last 27 years has led to the publication of many books and scientific articles at national and international level.
Sociologist, holding a degree in Sociology and Planning from the ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute. She is a research assistant at CESIS – Centro de Estudos para a Intervenção Social.
Equality of women and men in the labour market, and in companies in particular, has deserved a particular focus among her research areas. She has been involved in a large variety of projects, such as the EQUAL projects Social Dialogue and Equality in Companies and Different Publics Equal Opportunities in EU networks, such as EWCO – European Working Conditions Observatory and ERM – European Restructuring Monitor and national, such as the Gender Equality Thematic Group RSOpt and the Technical Commission 179 - Family Responsible Organizations.
She has acted as a member of the technical evaluation team of the candidates to the ‘‘Igualdade é Qualidade’ (Equality is Quality) Award, promoted by Comissão para a Igualdade no Trabalho e no Emprego (CITE) between 2006 and 2010.
She has acted as trainer in the fields of gender equality in national projects relating to plans for gender equality, in the private sector and in the municipalities.
It is co-author of a set of publications dedicated to diagnosis, self-evaluation and promotion of good practices in gender equality.
PATRÍCIA SÃO JOÃO
Holds a BA in Social Work (2007, Porto School of Social Work). For the past five years she has been working professionally and as a volunteer and activist on gender equality issues.
She collaborated in a project, of the Portuguese Network of Young People for Gender Equality, that promoted young women´s political and civic participation through a mentoring program. This project ended with a publication named “Young women in action – tools for empowerment” (REDE, 2010), of which she is a co-author.
In 2010 and 2011, she integrated the Organizing Committee of the Porto Pride Parade, in representation of the Portuguese Network of Young People for Gender Equality, a political parade where a manifesto is created and read at the end, she collaborated with the group responsible for the manifesto.
She worked as a consultant and a trainer in a gender equality project for the School of Education of the University of Porto.
She has been working with the Directorate-General for Education, in representation of the Portuguese Platform for Women’s Rights, on an educational frame for gender equality.
At the moment, she is Vice-President of the General Assembly of the Portuguese Network of Young People for Gender Equality.
Bachelor in Anthropology from the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities of the New University of Lisbon (2009-2012) and frequency of the Bachelor in Law from the Faculty of Law of Lisbon (2005-2009).
In 2009 Catarina gave her first steps in the area of Gender Equality, as participant of the project "from Woman to Woman - 2nd edition", promoted by the Portuguese Network of Young People for Gender Equality. Since then she is a volunteer and vice-president of the Board, elected in January 2015.
As vice-president, she is responsible for the area of Awareness and Education, having planned and developed so far several training workshops on Gender Equality. Catarina is speaker at conferences and seminars and representative of the organization in the Working Group of the First Municipal Plan Against Domestic and Gender Violence of the Municipality of Lisbon. As a result of her involvement in non-governmental women’s organizations, she has been gaining experience in Gender Mainstreaming, Project Management and Non-Formal Education.
Between 2013 and 2014 she was an intern in the Portuguese Platform for Women's Rights, where she had the opportunity to make contact with European bodies, such as the European Women's Lobby.
In 2012 she attended the "Training in Gender Equality" of the Portuguese Platform for Women's Rights and in 2014 the course "Training of Trainers" to access the Pedagogical Skills Certificate.
Catarina is co-author of the report "Women in Political Decision Making: A Case Study on Portugal" (February 2015), produced at the request of the Euro-Mediterranean Women's Foundation to integrate the follow-up report, regarding the commitments took by the governments that make up the Union for the Mediterranean.
She currently holds a position as an invited guest researcher at the Centre for Gender Research, Oslo University, Oslo, Norway. Her research subject is gender, organization and leadership. Two years ago she received her PhD from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden, with the thesis “Power without magic - a study of managerial skills” and now she works in a research project with a focus on gender and leadership as decision-making.
What do executives do, and how do their actions impact on the company’s results? Questions such as these are constantly targeted in leadership research and despite many thousands of reports in the field there is no consensus on what the concept of leadership entails. As a management consultant she knew that companies and organizations neither had a clear idea of what their executives actually did. Nevertheless, the investments in leadership development would seem to indicate that the companies considered their executives vital to the company’s results. The vague notions of what executive work entails, together with presumptions concerning their importance to the company or organization, lends a certain magical aura to their work. After almost 20 year in the management consultant business she had the opportunity to start a research project focusing executive skills and gender at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. She finished the project and her thesis “Power without Magic – a Study of Executive Skills” in 2012.
The thesis empirical data do not show any differences in the descriptions of the executive skills of women and men. Women and men practice these executive skills similarly. Men’s tendency to identify themselves with senior management, however, can be interpreted as a sign of homosocial structures in the organization. The fact that men are more ambivalent than women faced with the opportunity and responsibility of promoting change consequently indicates that admittance into a homosocial structure restricts their freedom of action.
There is a difference, however, between the executive skills of women and men in that women, unlike men, have to relate to the issue of their own gender. Their approach to this can vary between two leadership discourses; one that is gender-neutral, and one where gender is significant. Women’s knowledge of how gender is constructed in organizations, in leadership and in other structures and processes, is thus included in the tacit knowledge that comprises their skills.
After finishing her thesis she received a research grant for studying management as decision-making in a Swedish bank during a financial crisis from a gender perspective. The project, that will be finished in 2016, will be connected to the Norwegian project “Mirror Mirror on the wall, who´s most powerful of them all? - Gender as a symbolic and social structure in organizations.”